Fecha: 
09/01/1994
Linea de Investigacion: 

Abstract

Results of our studies on the reactivity of chagasic and leishmaniasic sera with the purified T. cruzi-specific antigen 163B6, as assessed by ELISA, and with complex antigenic mixtures from T. cruzi and Leishmania mexicana, by immunoblotting, are presented here. Our objective was to identify the antigens responsible for the exhibited cross-reactivity between trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis, and to find a specific reactivity pattern corresponding to each parasitosis. In spite of the high cross-reactivity observed with the immunoblotting, the use of 7.5% A-B gels made it possible to identify a characteristic pattern for each parasitosis, that could be distinguished by the naked eye. The characteristic pattern corresponding to chagasic patients was ascribed to reactivity with T. cruzi bands of mol. wts 131, 125, 116, 111, 51-45 and 43 kD, that were not recognized by leishmaniasic sera. Trypanosoma cruzi antigens of mol. wts 85, 81, 70, 65-60, 37 and 32 kD were considered as crossing antigens, since they were recognized by leishmaniasis sera. With L. mexicana, most of the chagasic patients presented reaction with antigen of mol. wts 124, 107, 92, 59 and 32 kD, while bands of mol. wts 155, 140, 73, 56 and 48 kD were recognized only by leishmaniasic sera. In this study we found 12 out of 45 sera of patients with leishmaniasis, from a region endemic for both parasitoses, which exhibited a pattern of bands very similar to those corresponding to chagasic individuals, strongly suggesting a mixed infection. This hypothesis was verified by using a purified specific antigen of T. cruzi, Ag163B6, which would be the major cysteine proteinase of this specie (cruzipain). By ELISA, these 12 sera showed a positive reaction with this purified antigen, as those of chagasic patients, thus leading to the confirmation of the presence of a mixed infection.

Fecha: 
01/01/1994
Linea de Investigacion: 

Abstract

In an open trial, longer courses of pentavalent antimonials (Sbv) at sub-optimal doses (10 mg/kg body weight), in association with recombinant human interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) (100 micrograms/m2 of body surface area) were administered, by daily intramuscular injections, to 13 patients with diagnoses of cutaneous or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis unresponsive to Sbv. Four patients presented with large skin ulcers, and 9 had mucosal involvement as the main manifestation, the latter affecting the nose (3 cases), nose and septum (2 cases), nose and oral cavity (1 case), and nose, pharynx and larynx (3 cases). Except for one case with severe involvement of the upper respiratory tract, the lesions were fully resolved by the end of therapy (mean duration 40 +/- 12 [SD] d, range 30-60 d) in the 11 patients who completed therapy. The main side effects were headache and fever (7 cases), together with leucopenia and eosinophilia (4 cases). It is concluded that combined administration of low doses of Sbv plus IFN-gamma may provide a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of antimony-resistant cutaneous or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. The possible mechanisms by which IFN-gamma contributes to resolution of the disease are discussed.

Autor/es: 
Fecha: 
07/01/1993
Linea de Investigacion: 

Abstract

An enteroparasitological, clinical and epidemiological study was carried out in 36 infants who attended the Hospital San Vicente de Paul from Orán for medical assistance. The age of the children varied between 0 and 4 years with an average of 28 months. The main clinical causes for consultation were bronchitis (52.8%), inappetence (52.8%) and paleness (27.8%). The general characteristics of the stool samples were: formed 44.4% and diarrheic 55.6%. The frequency of intestinal helminthic and protozoan elements was the following: S. stercoralis 30(83.3%) N. americanus 5(13.9%), A. lumbricoides 7(19.4%), T. trichiura 3(8.3%), H. nana 5(13.9%), G. intestinalis 10(27.8%), I. belli 1 (2.8%) and E. coli 4 (11.1%). The nutritional condition found in the infants, according to the relation high/weight was: eutrophic 17(42.2%), lightly undernourished 9(20.0%), moderately undernourished 9(25.0%) and severely undernourished 1(2.8%). The mean values of hematocrit and hemoglobin found were under those established as minima by the W.H.O. The white blood cells and eosinophils countings were over the normal mean values.

Autor/es: 
Fecha: 
01/01/1988
Linea de Investigacion: 

Abstract

A focus of microfilariasis was detected in El Oculto, Orán Department, 300 km northern from Salta city. These results prove the prevalence of this parasitosis in Argentina, despite the lack of cases registered during the last 35 years. The incidence detected was 20.7%; similar values were reported in 1917 by Biglieri and Aráoz in a wooded area located in the oriental face of Aconquija mountain, in Tucuman province, approximately 600 km southern from El Oculto. The results presented suggest the interruption in the transmission of this parasitosis.

Fecha: 
29/09/2016
Linea de Investigacion: 

Background. Endemic areas of tegumentary leishmaniasis (TL) in Salta, Argentina, present some overlap zones with the geographical distribution of Chagas disease, with mixed infection cases being often detected. Objectives. The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of Leishmania sp. infection and potential associated risk factors, the serologic prevalence of T. cruzi, and the presence of T. cruzi-Leishmania sp. mixed infection in a region of the northwest of Argentina. Methods. Cross-sectional studies were conducted to detect TL prevalence and T. cruzi seroprevalence. A case-control study was conducted to examine leishmaniasis risk factors. Results. Prevalence of TL was 0.17%, seroprevalence of T. cruzi infection was 9.73%, and mixed infection proportion-within the leishmaniasic patients group-was 16.67%. The risk factors associated with TL transmission were sex, age, exposure to bites at work, staying outdoors more than 10 hours/day, bathing in the river, and living with people who had lesions or were infected during the study. Discussion. The endemic pattern of TL seems to involve exposure of patients to vectors in wild as well as peridomestic environment. Cases of T. cruzi infection are apparently due to migration. Therefore, a careful epidemiological surveillance is necessary due to the contraindication of antimonial administration to chagasic patients.

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